Video Analytics and Smart CCTV are commercial terms for VCA (Video Content Analysis) in the security domain. VCA is the capability of automatically analyzing video to detect and determine temporal events not based on a single image. As such, it can be seen as the automated equivalent of the biological visual cortex.
This technical capability is used in a wide range of domains including entertainment, health care, retail, automotive, transport, home automation, safety and security. The algorithms can be implemented as software on general purpose machines, or as hardware in specialized video processing units. Based on the internal representation that VCA generates in the machine, it is possible to build other functionalities, such as identification, behavior analysis or other forms of situation awareness.